In this commentary, we will examine Exodus 20. This chapter gives the initial giving of the Ten Commandments. God gave them as a foundation for Israel’s national identity and worship. Their implementation also marked a dividing line in humankind’s history. Though there is controversy and varying commentaries on the Ten Commandments, their eternal truth yet resounds. The Christian, today, should not only memorize these commandments, but also understand their application in the Christian life.